Muslims, the followers of Islam, believe that God is One, and that God is the only entity that deserves to be worshipped. Perhaps the biggest difference between Christianity and Islam is each religion's view on Jesus (peace be upon him). Muslims believe in Jesus to easily be one of God's mightiest messengers, and Muhammad (peace be upon him), the messenger of Islam, also stated that Jesus would return to earth before the end of time. Christians, on the other hand, apparently believe that Jesus is God or is Son of God, putting him above being simply a messenger of God.
In Islam, we respect and revere Jesus and his mother Mary (peace be upon her). In fact, the Qur'an states that Mary was chosen over all the women in the Universe (Qur'an 3:42). We don't, however, make saints and worship them, nor do we worship Jesus or Mary. We believe that God is so great that no intermediary is required between a person and God. We don't consider Mary to be "Mother of God." We believe that in the beginning there was God, that He is the beginning and the end, that He creates but has no creator. Does the Bible say "Mother of God" anywhere in it? We also don't believe in the concept of Trinity because it splits God into three entities, which would go against the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 6:4-5) and the New Testament (Mark 12:28-32). It doesn't seem to make sense to say God is One after explaining the concept of Trinity: God the Father (F), God the Son (S), God the Holy Spirit (H) --- where F does not equal S and S does not equal H. Does the Bible say "Trinity" anywhere in it?
With that said, the question is whether Jesus is God, or Son of God. The only purpose of this brief work is to present some thoughts that may or may not help provide an answer. Following are quotes from the King James Version of the Bible.
One would probably expect the Old Testament to talk about God as One, but even in the Bible's New Testament it seems that God and Jesus are mentioned as separate entities on a few occasions. Here are some examples:
~ "Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve" (Matthew 4:10).
~ "But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only" (Matthew 24:36). Here Jesus is apparently declaring that even he doesn't know when the world will end, but only God knows.
~ "And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachtani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46). Jesus was supposed to have said this while on the cross. If he was God, why would he forsake himself?
~ "And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God" (Mark 10:18). This was Jesus' response to someone who called him "Good Master," and Jesus seemingly shows his humanness and mentions God's greatness.
~ "And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:" (Mark 12:29). This was Jesus' reply to a scribe who asked him what was the first commandment of all.
~ "And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent" (John 17:3). In this scenario, Jesus supposedly lifted up his eyes to Heaven and was speaking to God, apparently calling him the one true God.
~ "Yemen of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:" (Acts 2:22). Here we see that Jesus is referred to as a man (and not a semi-God), and also implication that God gave Jesus the ability to perform miracles.
~ "For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;" (I Timothy 2:5). Here it says that there is one God, and refers to Jesus as "the man."
~ "Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus" (Revelation 14:12). It sounds like Jesus is again mentioned separately from God.
For starters, did Jesus normally refer to himself as "Son of God" or "Son of man"? As for referring to God as Father, one might say that God is the father of all of us since He created us. An often quoted verse in the Bible to support the claim that Jesus is the "begotten" son of God seems to be John 3:16. However, there might actually be a verse in the Bible that contradicts this. Plus, one might bear in mind that although Jesus was born miraculously from a woman, Adam was created with no human mother or father. Here are some examples:
~ "And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose" (Genesis 6:2). As we can see early in the Bible, God refers to early human males as sons of God.
~ "And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn" (Exodus 4:22).
~ "I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee" (Psalms 2:7). Here we see in the Old Testament that David (peace be upon him) was supposedly a begotten son of God.
~ "Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is" (I John 3:2). John is apparently speaking to a group of people as sons of God in this epistle.
~ "Blessed are the peacemakers; for they shall be called the children of God" (Matthew 5:9). This is Jesus speaking.
~ "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father, which is in heaven" (Matthew 5:16). Here Jesus is teaching that people should glorify God, and refers to Him as "your" Father.
~ "Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God" (Luke 3:38). This is actually the last verse of the chapter, and earlier verses list a person's name along with their father's name, and it goes all the way back to the first man, Adam. Verse 23 of this chapter actually seems to call Jesus the son of Joseph, but it doesn't say "begotten."
~ "For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually" (Hebrews 7:1-3). Here we learn about Melchisedec, who apparently has no beginning or end of time, and no mother or father. One might suppose that Melchisedec has more claim to divinity than some. This King of Salem is also mentioned in Genesis 14:18.
The purpose of this short work is not to criticize one's religion or give a definite answer, but rather to offer some ideas. I don't think it sounds valid to say that Jesus is both God and Son of God. Plus, it makes sense if Jesus and God were one in purpose, but not one in physical being or substance. Either way, it would be splitting God into more than one entity, and Christianity is supposed to be a monotheistic faith. Anyway, there is no need for enmity between two faiths. "Let there be no compulsion in religion" (Qur'an 2:256). Even if one doesn't agree with the Islamic belief of God as One, as the only entity worthy of worship, that's understandable. I guess it would go against some of the Bible's teachings, and it's hard to just turn your back on what you've been taught your whole life. I was just confused about what Christians really believe, because within Christianity it seems that there isn't a unified belief, hence the various sects. I don't think the world will ever come to an agreement on whether God is One, Jesus is God, or Jesus is Son of God, or whatever else one might believe. In any case, "You have your religion while I have my religion" (Qur'an 109:6).